How to Grow Mushrooms at Home | Shades of Green Blog (2024)

Growing mushrooms at home is easy, fun and inexpensive. Some methods include kits, but my preference is always DIY. Whichever route you choose, growing mushrooms at home provides an excellent opportunity to experiment, learn more about the process and observe what happens along the way! Not to mention, you’ll get to add some tasty, super healthy food to your family’s diet without much effort.

If you elect to go the DIY, log-based route, you’ll need inoculated dowels if you’re growing mushrooms on logs. This option involves buying inoculated dowels from a mushroom retailer like Mushroom Mountain based in South Carolina (not far from the borders of both Georgia and North Carolina).

And, naturally, you’ll need some logs! One great way to source them is to call a local tree service (like our neighbors at Gill Tree Care!) and ask them to save a couple logs for you to pick up—the logs should be about 3-5 inches in diameter and roughly 4 feet long. Wait two to three weeks from the time the log was cut before beginning the inoculation process, as most woods have natural fungicides that keep trees from being colonized by fungus. It’s equally as important to make sure that the logs weren’t cut and sitting too long before you source them. It’s a good idea to avoid using logs more than 6 months old to minimize the chance that there is already another type of fungus growing on the logs, as that could inhibit or prevent the growth of the mushroom species you’re aiming to cultivate at home.

The type of wood you’ll need will depend on the type of mushroom you want to grow. For shiitake, hardwoods like oak are best, although some people have had success with softwood species, too. Oyster mushrooms on the other hand grow great on softwood species like sweet gum or poplar. It’s best to avoid using conifer logs for most mushrooms, though.

Once you’ve got your logs and you’re ready to go, drill holes the size of the dowel and pound the dowel into the log.

Next, melt wax (preferably beeswax) in a double boiler and use a paint brush to coat the dowels and the holes with wax to create a seal.

Once you’ve inoculated and sealed your logs, place them in a shady, moist area near your home. Ensuring the log has some contact with the ground and is exposed to the elements will help foster the right environment for mushrooms to thrive—we lean ours up against a fence in a shady, moist side of the house. Check on them every time there is a rain and eventually you’ll see mycelium, which looks like white strands, colonizing the wood. That’s when it will start flushing with the fruiting body of your favorite mushroom!

Another easy, inexpensive option for growing mushrooms at home is inoculated sawdust in a plastic bag. These come in kit versions, but you can also make them yourself. Store them in a bathroom where it is dark and moist and you’ll start to see flushing pretty quickly. One time when we used this method, we stored bags in our bathroom and consistently enjoyed mushrooms for 6 months!

Don’t have the time or not quite ready to go full-out DIY with mushroom growing at home? There are some great kits that make things even easier! Our friends at MindBodyGreen did a round up of the “8 Best Mushroom Growing Kits of 2022.” Click here to check it out and see which kit might work best for you!

How to Grow Mushrooms at Home | Shades of Green Blog (2024)


What is the easiest way to grow mushrooms at home? ›

Spray-and-grow kits, a block of colonized substrate inside a small box, make for the easiest way for beginners to get started. “They're inexpensive. You get a lot of mushrooms out of them. And they're super easy,” says Lynch.

What are the 5 steps to growing mushrooms? ›

The six steps are Phase I composting, Phase II composting, spawning, casing, pinning, and cropping. These steps are described in their naturally occurring sequence, emphasizing the salient features within each step. Compost provides nutrients needed for mushrooms to grow.

How deep does soil need to be for mushrooms? ›

Add a 1'' layer of substrate (woodchips, mulch, hardwood sawdust, or straw) on top of the cardboard or soil. 5. Add a 2'' layer of substrate on top of the spawn and repeat until your bed is 8-16'' deep.

What are the best mushrooms to grow at home indoors? ›

Cremini, enoki, maitake, portobello, oyster, shiitake, and white button mushrooms can all be grown indoors, but each type has specific growing needs. For example, white button mushrooms must be grown on composted manure, shiitakes on wood or hardwood sawdust, and oyster mushrooms on straw.

How to grow mushrooms indoors step by step? ›

  1. STEP 1: “PASTEURIZE” AND HYDRATE THE PELLETS. Add boiling water to the pellets in order to pasteurize and hydrate the substrate at the same time. ...
  2. STEP 2: ADD SPAWN. Once the sawdust has completely cooled, add spawn. ...
  4. STEP 4: FRUIT! ...

Can I grow mushrooms from grocery store mushrooms? ›

The best variety for home growing is oyster mushrooms, though you can use any type. Store bought mushroom propagation is quite easy, but you should choose fungi from organic sources. Propagating store bought mushrooms from the ends just requires a good fruiting medium, moisture, and the proper growing environment.

How do you force mushrooms to grow? ›

After the log has fruited once on its own, it can be stimulated to fruit by watering or soaking it in cold water for no more than 24 hours. Force fruiting works best with shiitake mushrooms. Allow at least one month of rest before attempting to force fruit again.

How do you increase fruiting mushrooms? ›

To initiate fruiting, lowering temperatures and increasing oxygen levels generally encourages mushroom formation. Initiation can be in the form of cold shocking, water shocking or introducing more oxygen by cutting a hole in the bag. them with water as if in a strong rainstorm.

What is the cheapest way to grow mushrooms? ›

Another easy, inexpensive option for growing mushrooms at home is inoculated sawdust in a plastic bag. These come in kit versions, but you can also make them yourself. Store them in a bathroom where it is dark and moist and you'll start to see flushing pretty quickly.

What is the easiest mushroom to grow? ›

Pretty much every mushroom growing resource I could find says that oyster mushrooms are the easiest variety for first time-growers, as they grow fast and can easily thrive in substrates made of things like coffee grounds and straw, making them relatively low maintenance.

Will mushrooms grow in potting mix? ›

Most potting mix is composed of perlite, peat moss, and other organic matter like mushroom compost. If there are high amounts of organic matter the mushrooms will proliferate, but if you want to prevent mushrooms from growing, hold off on adding organic matter such as compost.

What are the easiest edible mushrooms to grow at home? ›

In this guide, we'll focus on three easy-to-grow mushrooms: Wine Cap, Shiitake, and Blue Oyster. From indoor growing to garden cultivation, these varieties offer simplicity and delicious rewards for all skill levels.

Is growing mushrooms cheaper than buying? ›

A: Yes, growing your own mushrooms can save you money in the long run. Mushrooms bought from the store can be expensive, especially if you consume them regularly. By growing your own, you can significantly cut down on the cost of buying mushrooms.

Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Melvina Ondricka

Last Updated:

Views: 6272

Rating: 4.8 / 5 (48 voted)

Reviews: 95% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Melvina Ondricka

Birthday: 2000-12-23

Address: Suite 382 139 Shaniqua Locks, Paulaborough, UT 90498

Phone: +636383657021

Job: Dynamic Government Specialist

Hobby: Kite flying, Watching movies, Knitting, Model building, Reading, Wood carving, Paintball

Introduction: My name is Melvina Ondricka, I am a helpful, fancy, friendly, innocent, outstanding, courageous, thoughtful person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.